Evidence Library

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Sharing what we’re learning about different program models, service-delivery approaches, or best practices is an important way for the public benefit sector to advance its work together.

We’ve populated this searchable library with a collection of documents – from academic and community-based research and program evaluations – that we hope can help organizations working in the sector be more effective in their work.

This collection of evidence is a work in progress. As we come across important pieces of research or knowledge, we’ll take note of them, and update this library periodically. Importantly, if you know of a resource not yet included, or want to share the findings from your program evaluation, please share a link to it or upload it here in our Discussion Forum.

Name of Document Author Date Brief Description
Lori Livingstone and Susan Forbes 2016

To understand what motivates individuals to enter into and remain active in officiating, their resilience, and their perceptions of the support they receive from their sport organizations in Canada.

Félix Guillén and Deborah L. Feltz 2011

This paper presents a conceptual model of referee efficacy, defines the concept, proposes sources of referee specific efficacy information, and suggests consequences of having high or low referee efficacy. Referee efficacy is hypothesized to influence referee performance, referee stress, athlete rule violations, athlete satisfaction, and co-referee satisfaction.

A. Justine Dowd, Mark R. Beauchamp & Mary E. Jung 2014

A study to assess the extent to which the Go Girls! Healthy Minds Healthy Bodies program led to changes in active living, balanced eating and feeling good about themselves.

Jason A. Mendoza, Kathy Watson, Tom Baranowski, Theresa A. Nicklas, Doris K. Uscanga, Marcus J. Hanfling 2011

Research on the impact of a “walking school bus” program on children's rates of active commuting to school and physical activity.

Community Foundations of Canada; True Sport Foundation 2015

A report that takes a closer look at how sport - when grounded in fairness, excellence, inclusion and fun – can strengthen belonging to each other and to our communities.

Cragg, S., Costas-Bradstreet, C., Arkell, J. & Lofstrom, K. 2016

Sport should be available and responsive to the needs of all Canadian residents who want to participate. However, some women and girls, Indigenous Peoples, persons with a disability, recent immigrants, new Canadians, socio-economically disadvantaged Canadians, older adults, members of the LGBTQ community, and Canadians living in rural, remote and isolated regions do not participate at the same rates as their mainstream counterparts. This report serves as a common evidence-base for collaborative policy and program development work aimed at increasing participation in sport, particularly among underrepresented groups.

ParticipACTION 2015

A systematic review to examine the relationship between risky outdoor play, health and physical activity in children.

Institute for Canadian Citizenship 2014

This study illuminates how sports can help new citizens successfully integrate into Canadian life, and shares how Canada’s sports organizations can more effectively engage new Canadians as participants and fans.

Dawn Coe, University of Tennessee Knoxville 2012

Children who play on playgrounds that incorporate natural elements like logs and flowers tend to be more active than those who play on traditional playgrounds with metal and brightly colored equipment.

Conference Board of Canada 2015

The majority of Canadians are inactive and sedentary most of the time. This report outlines the criteria that decision-makers can use when planning strategies and programs to promote physical activity and deter excessive sedentary behaviour.


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